maandag 24 januari 2011

2000 Jahre Musik: Curt Sachs (Parlophon, ca. 1931)

Curt Sachs (1881-1959): Duits musicoloog. In 1904 studeerde hij echter af in kunstgeschiedenis. Hij is vooral beroemd om zijn co-auteurschap bij de klassificatie van muziekinstrumenten volgens het Sachs-Hornborstelsysteem (gepubliceerd in 1914).  Begin jaren '30 werd "2000 Jahre Musik auf der Schallplatte" uitgebracht in een album met 12 25cm 78t.platen. Dit album is zowel op Parlophon als op Odeon uitgebracht. De Nazi's ontnamen Sachs in 1933 al zijn functies vanwege zijn Jood-zijn. Sachs ging naar Frankrijk en zette daar samen met anderen de monumentale 78t.-serie "L'Anthologie Sonore" op. Dit label bracht tussen 1933 en midden jaren '50 169 78t.platen uit met "oude" muziek, zo authentiek mogelijk uitgevoerd voorzover de kennis toen strekte. Over dit label binnenkort meer op deze blog! In 1937  vertrok Sachs naar de Verenigde Staten, waar hij tot zijn dood les gaf aan de Universiteit van New York.

Side 1. Griechische Musik 
Seikilos: Skolion
Mesomedes: Sonnenhymnus
Hans Joachim Moser, zang + koor
Side 2. Jüdische Musik
Kaddish am Osterfest
Aboda am Versöhnungstag
Vorlesung aus dem Buch Esther
Kantor B. Fränkel
Side 3. Der Gregorianische Gesang
Misit Dominus verbum suum aus dr Messe des 2. Sonntags nach Epiphanie
Side 4. Frühe Mehrstimmigkeit 
Wallfahrtsgesang Congaudeant Catholici (Santiago de Compostella 12.jahrh.)
Side 3+4: Gregorianische Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Staatl. Akademie für Kirchen- und Schulmusik zu Berlin o.l.v. H. Halbig
Side 5. Troubadours
Raimbaut de Vaqueiras: Kalenda Maya
Bernart de Ventadorn: Pois preyatz me, senhor
Side 6. Der Minnesang
Walter von der Vogelweide: Palästinalied
Rügelied gegen Rudolf von Habsburg
Fürst Wizlaw v. Rügen: Minnelied
Side 5+6: Hans Joachim Moser, zang
Side 7. Die frühen Niederländer - um 1450
Guillaume Dufay: Gloria ad modum tubae
Side 8. Die frühen Niederländer - um 1500
Josquin des Prés: Et incarnatus est
Side 9. Deutsche Chöre des 16. Jahrhunderts
Heinrich Finck: Christ ist erstanden (5-stemmig)
Side 10. Deutsche Chöre des 16. Jahrhunderts
Arnoldus de Bruck (1544): Aus tiefer Not (4-stemmig)
Side 7-10: Die Kantorei der Staatl. Ak. für Kirchen- u. Schulmusik Berlin, Pius Kalt
Side 11. Die Höhepunkte der Kirchlichen Polyphonie im 16. Jahrhundert
Giovanni Perluigi Palestrina: Missa Papae Marcelli: Sanctus
Side 12. Die Höhepunkte der Kirchlichen Polyphonie im 16. Jahrhundert
Orlando di Lasso: Busspsalmen: Miserere
Side 11+12: Staats- und Domchor Berlin, Hugo Rüdel
Side 13. Das Madrigal 
Carlo Gesualdo: Resta di darmi noia
Side 14. Das Madrigal 
Hans Leo Hassler: Mein' Lieb' will mit mir kriegen
Der Thiel'sche Madrigalchor, Carl Thiel
Side 15. Klaviermusik um 1600
William Byrd: Sellinger's Round
Erwin Bodky, klavecimbel
Side 16. Deutsche Tänze um 1600
Melchior Franck: Pavane
Valentin Haussmann: Tanz
Münchener Violenquintett
Side 17. Italienische Musik im Frühbarock
Giovanni Gabrieli: Benedixisti (7-stemmig)
Die Kantorei der Staatl. Ak. für Kirchen- u. Schulmusik Berlin, Pius Kalt
Side 18. Monteverdi
Claudio Monteverdi: Arianna: Lasciatemi morire
Maria Peschken, alt; Curt Sachs, klavecimbel; Paul Hermann, cello
Side 19. Die deutsche Motette
Heinrich Schütz: Deutschen Messe: Psalm 111: Ich danke dem Herrn
Side 20. Die deutsche Motette
J. S. Bach: Der Geist hilft unserer Schwachheit auf - Fuge
Side 19+20: Staats- und Domchor Berlin, Hugo Rüdel
Side 21. Kammermusik um 1700
J. S. Bach: Sonata No. 2, violine & cembalo, 1. Satz
Martha Geissmar, vi.; Erwin Bodky, klavecimbel
Side 22. G.F. Händel
G.-F. Händel: Trio no. 3 in Es 1. Satz
Georg Blumensaat, hobo; Martha Geissmar, vi.; Erwin Bodky, klav.; Paul Hermann, cel.
Side 23. Rokoko
Jean-Philippe Rameau: La Poule
Erwin Bodky, klavecimbel 
Side 24. Empfindsamkeit
J. S. Bach: French Suite No. 5 - Sarabande & Gavotte
Erwin Bodky, klavichord

Opname begin jaren '30.
78t 25 cm: Parlophon B.37022-33  
(38179; 38174;38182-3; 38180-1; 38218; 38235; 38234; 38219; 38178; 38175; 38216-7; 38170; 38362; 38236; 38215; 38177; 38176; 38169; 38171-3) 
Totale tijd: 1:03:16

Download mp3

20 opmerkingen:

  1. Wow, what a fascinating project. Thank you for your effort to share all this. I look forward to exploring it. Is there another volume of this set?

  2. No there isn't. He started L'Anthologie Sonore in France after this project, which I am intended to do in the future.

    1. I just began listening to this, for which many thanks,and was going to ask if you had a
      complete run of AnSon 78's and could you PLEASE post them.... Possibly by the original volumes & spread over
      a year or 18 months, so you don't kill yourself with exhaustion! That would be a real labour of love!

    2. As you can read here below, many Anth Sonore records can be heard at So that's why I did not exhaust myself...

  3. Now this is amazing, a true labour of love on your part, thank you again so much!

    You may be interested to know that this album was reissued (not very well dubbed) by Smithsonian Folkways, on 2 LPs, Folkways FT 3700 (A & B).

    More important, there is an excellent and comprehensive article about the project by Martin Elste, the Berlin-based writer and discographer, with recording dates, exact attributions of most works etc.: Martin Elste, 'Bildungsware alte Musik: Curt Sachs als Schallplattenpädagoge', Basler Jahrbuch für historische Musikpraxis, 13 (1989), 207-247 (,?_LANGUAGE=en)

    As for L'Anthologie Sonore, that is a very exciting prospect. I hope you will not endanger your health, as there are so many records! To save effort and duplication, may I humbly suggest that you consider starting with sides which have not already been transferred (well) for the Bibliothèque nationale's digital portal Gallica? Some 50 are available:

    Best wishes, Nick

  4. I've now listened to all of this and, I must say, it's even better than I expected: you've done a fine job with the originals, which I imagine are quite difficult, and you've allowed us to enjoy some memorable music-making. These performances have a reputation for amateurishness but I find many of them strong and committed! Thank you again!

  5. Thanks Nick for your commitment, information and support! Good you gave the link from the Gallica, I'll concentrate on other 78s.

  6. I think I have this set on 33s at my mother's house. Not that I currently have a working phonograph (78 or 33). I learned to sing the High Holidays morning kaddish from it, when I was learning to lead the service about 1988.

  7. That's a very nice memory! So the set was also used for instruction purposes.

  8. Thank you very much for sharing these recordings! I`m looking for early XXth century recordings of Ancient Greek music - and the Seikilos and Mesomedes pieces included here are valuable and immensely interesting documents.

  9. I'm glad you enjoy the records. Curt Sachs deserves it! Greetz, Satyr

  10. True, Sachs was a great scholar and an inventive pioneer of early music on record. I was wondering if there is any Ancient Greek music in the Anthologie Sonore. There aren`t any among the extracts shared by the Gallica, that`s for sure.

    And then, there is also an earlier (and awfully rare) recording by the Palestrina Choir, cond. Nicola Alysius Montani, issued as Victor 20896 (1928) and Victor 24549 (1936). Apparently, it never got transfered on LP or something else. Any clues about this one will be rewarded at least with some deep thanks in a scholarly article. :)

  11. (addenda et corrigenda: mousike = balletdesnations. Wordpress profile integration acts strangely these days).

  12. Perhaps our American bloggers can help...

  13. Dear mousike/balletdesnations, the soprano Arda Mandikian recorded a small group of Ancient Greek pieces for HMV. On 10-inch DA 2006 were Hymns to Nemesis, the Sun and the Muses; and an epitaph of Seikilos. On 12-inch DB 21485 were two Delphic Hymns to Apollo. These discs were both issued in August 1952. The first of the Delphic Hymns was reissed in HMV's History of Music in Sound, on HMS 8 (78) & HLP 2 (LP), along with the epitaph of Seikilos from DA 2006. I own a copy of DB 21485, which I intend to transfer one day (I don't currently have the right set-up); the British Library Sound Archive has 3 copies and the former CHARM archive at King's College London has 5 copies. I may have DA 2006, I can't remember; the BL Sound Archive has 1 copy and KCL has 2 copies. Pierre Henry's 1950s musique concrète score Le Voile d'Orphée apparently used Ancient Greek material; various versions and reissues are floating about. Good luck! Nick

  14. Hi Satyr,
    I've enjoyed many of your postings of 78s and LPs. Many thanks for these! Is there any chance you could re-post this set of 2000 years of music? The download link has expired. Cheers.

  15. Thanks, Satyr. I'm now enjoying the discs from this set that are missing from my collection. Performances are certainly enthusiastic. Some have called them amateurish. I wouldn't go that far, though they are fairly "live" with minor mistakes that wouldn't be passed on a recording today. The artists seem generally professional, but not perhaps of the first international rank. Ralph Kirkpatrick wasn't hugely impressed with Erwin Bodky's harpsichord playing and from this evidence I'd tend to agree - fairly stiff and heavy handed. Some of the singing reminds me of 1920s British recordings of Byrd and Gibbons, with much more enthusiasm and gusto (and rather less accuracy) than in today's finely polished choral sound. A fascinating picture of early music as it was performed in another generation. Dank je wel!

    1. Thanks for your comment! I agree with you. Not technical perfect, but fascinating!